Acidum formicum

Name and Synonyms:

polish: kwas mrówkowy, kwas metanowy, kwas wodorokarboksylowy
english: acidum formicum, carbonous acid, formic acid, hydrogen carboxylic acid, hydroxy(oxo)methane, metacarbonoic acid, oxocarbinic acid, oxomethanol

Chemical formula:  HCOOH

CAS Number:


UN Number (ONZ)


EC Number (EINECS):


Formic acid is stored and transported in certified packages of 1000l, 20l.

Formic acid is miscible with water and most polar organic solvents, and somewhat soluble in hydrocarbons.


A major use of formic acid is as a preservative and antibacterial agent in livestock feed.

Additional uses:
– It is used to process organic latex (sap) into raw rubber.
– Beekeepers use formic acid as a miticide against the Varroa mite.
– It is of minor importance in the textile industry and for the tanning of leather.
– Some formate esters are artificial flavorings or perfumes.
– It is the active ingredient in some brands of household limescale remover.

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